Female fertility test – What you should know
Have you been trying to get pregnant for a long time? You and your partner, however, suspect that one of you might be infertile? Many couples suffer from these problems, so you are not the only ones and you don’t have to be ashamed of that! There are several reasons and types of tests available for you to find out if you are infertile.
How can you test your fertility?
Testing your infertility or fertility at home
First of all, there are a few procedures you can follow without consulting a doctor. You can do them in the comfort of your own home!
The Basal Temperature Curve
If you have a very regular menstrual cycle, it is very likely that ovulation will take place in the middle of your period.
To test this regularity, you should create a temperature curve. To do this, simply measure your basal temperature every day and plot it in a curve! However, you should still present your results to a doctor. Your records will show you when and if ovulation occurs at all. In addition, it will also give you information about your fertile days.
Medical home fertility test
You can buy the estrogen test at the pharmacy to check your hormone levels. This will help you to identify possible disorders in your hormonal balance.
These fertility tests cost about 40 euros. If you are unsure about such tests, read the testimonials. There are plenty of these on the Internet, so you can find the test that suits you best.
If you really suspect you’re infertile, you shouldn’t just stick to home tests. Your doctor can determine possible reasons for your infertility and help you! This also guarantees the accuracy of the results.
Visiting a gynecologist
The first step a couple should take when wanting a child after the tests at home have confirmed the suspicion of infertility, is to go to the gynecologist and urologist. Of course, you can also have your infertility tested anonymously. The best thing to do is to take a test conducted by a doctor who will ask you various questions about your medical history during the initial consultation. Have the answers to questions on how long you have wanted to have a child, how regular your cycle is and your previous fertility treatments and infections ready. Your doctor will then perform a physical examination and will examine your ovaries using ultrasound on the fifth to the sixth day of your period.
Your doctor will then be able to evaluate various facts:
- For example the size of your ovaries (a good diameter is about 20 millimeters)
- Or the number of your follicles and your egg bubbles will be counted. More than five testify to good fertility, three or less suggest slow fertility.
- The internal structure is also assessed. This means that your connective tissue of the ovaries will be closely examined! If you don’t have much connective tissue, that’s good. If you have a lot of connective tissue, this means that most of your eggs have already been used up.
In addition to the ultrasound examination, a hormone examination may follow. Two hormones that are involved in egg cell maturation are searched for. The maturation of the egg cell finally triggers ovulation.
What causes infertility in women?
- advanced age
- injured Fallopian tubes
- further risk factors
Advanced age is the most common cause. After your 35th birthday your chance of getting pregnant decreases steadily. Starting from 40 it lies even with only under 10%! One way to prevent this is to freeze your eggs. One way to prevent this is to freeze your eggs. Another possible cause can be the injured ovarian tubes. The technical term for this is factor peritoneal tuba.
There is a case where the lining of the uterus is outside the uterine cavity. This is called endometriosis and is also relatively common. Further potential risks are sexually transmitted diseases, chronic diseases (e.g. thyroid diseases, cancer, diabetes, etc.) or the use of certain medications.
Of course, the cause must not only lie with the woman, your partner can also suffer from infertility. If you have done any tests and you have not received any negative results, you should definitely talk to your male partner.
Even obesity can be a trigger for infertility! Also a malfunction of the genital area, erectile dysfunction or a decrease in semen. If your partner suffers from a strong curvature of the genitals, this is another possible problem. The best option for your partner is to see a doctor!
Male fertility test – The sperm test
This test shows whether the man has enough sperm to fertilize an egg.
Normally this sperm test is carried out in a practice, but it can also be carried out at home after consultation with the doctor responsible. Then the semen sample has to be brought to the practice and will be examined there afterwards.
It is best if you go to your doctor together and get examined together. This way you can immediately rule out who might be infertile.